* Notas de prensa, congreso, boletines y jornadas sobre migración y refugio*

Illegal immigrants to UK face eviction without court order under new plans

Landlords who fail to check tenants’ immigration status face five-year jail terms as part of government crackdown to reduce UK’s appeal as a migrant destination

Ver videos en: http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/aug/03/illegal-immigrants-face-eviction-without-court-order-under-plans-to-discourage-migrants?CMP=EMCNEWEML6619I2

Hawi, an Ethiopian asylum seeker sleeping rough at the back of the Refugee Council in Brixton, south London Photograph: David Levene for the Guardian

Nicholas Watt Chief political correspondent

Monday 3 August 2015 08.24 BST Last modified on Monday 3 August 2015 11.37 BST

Immigrants living in Britain illegally will face abrupt eviction from rental properties under new laws designed to make Britain a tougher place to live in, the government will announce as it redoubles its response to the Calais migrant crisis.

In a dramatic illustration of the warning directed at migrants, by the home secretary, Theresa May, that Britain’s “streets are not paved with gold”, the government will change the law to allow landlords to evict such immigrants without a court order.

Rogue landlords who fail to check the immigration status of tenants could be fined or imprisoned for up to five years under a new criminal offence to be included in a new immigration bill.

Greg Clark, the communities secretary, will also announce that the legislation will create a blacklist of persistent rogue landlords and letting agents to allow councils to know where to concentrate their enforcement action. “We are determined to crack down on rogue landlords,” said Clark.

The announcement by Clark, who will also announce new measures to prevent rogue landlords renting out sub-standard properties, comes as May and foreign secretary, Philip Hammond, prepare to take it turns chairing meetings of the government’s emergency Cobra committee in response to the Calais crisis.

David Cameron, who remains in Britain this week on the first stage of his summer holiday, has said that the government will leave no stone unturned as it responds to what he described as the “swarm of people” from Calais. A new fence to protect the entrance to the Channel tunnel on the French side will be completed on Friday.

The government was accused of acting in a “morally reprehensible” way after the Home Office confirmed it was planning to strip families of the automatic right to benefits if their asylum applications were rejected.

The Refugee Council expressed “grave concerns” as the Home Office minister James Brokenshire defended plans to remove automatic benefits from families who did not win asylum as a way of signalling that the UK was not “a land of milk and honey”.

The move is part of a government initiative to discourage migrants from leaving their countries of origin in the first place by showing that Britain is a cold place for those whose asylum applications are rejected. The home secretary joined forces with her French counterpart, Bernard Cazeneuve, to send a signal to would-be migrants that they will not necessarily face a warm welcome.

In a joint article for the Sunday Telegraph, the two ministers warned the world is facing a global migration crisis as they pledged to offer refuge to those fleeing conflict or persecution. But they said it is important to break the link between “crossing the Mediterranean and achieving settlement in Europe”.

May and Cazeneuve wrote: “Ultimately, the long-term answer to this problem lies in reducing the number of migrants who are crossing into Europe from Africa. Many see Europe, and particularly Britain, as somewhere that offers the prospect of financial gain. This is not the case – our streets are not paved with gold.”

Clark will intensify these warnings when he announces plans to make it easier to evict illegal immigrants from their homes. Under the forthcoming immigration bill, landlords will be expected to evict illegal immigrants soon after receiving a Home Office notice that their tenant no longer has the right to rent in the UK. In some circumstances landlords will be able to act without a court order.

More than 200 migrants attempt to breach the inner fences of the Eurotunnel in Coquelles, near Calais, on Saturday night

A scheme in which landlords check the immigration status of tenants, which is currently being piloted in the West Midlands, will be extended across the country. Under the Right to Rent scheme, landlords will be obliged to see evidence of a person’s right to remain in the UK by examining their passport or biometric residence permit.

A new criminal offence will target unscrupulous landlords and letting agents who fail repeatedly to carry out the “Right to Rent” checks or fail to remove illegal immigrants from their properties. They could be fined, jailed for up to five years or face further sanctions under the Proceeds of Crime Act.

The government will also announce a new and tougher fit and proper person test for landlords of properties that have to be licensed to ensure they are safe for tenants, extending rent repayment orders to allow local authorities to claim back rent payments from landlords who abuse the housing benefit system by failing to maintain their property to a good standard and allowing councils to crack down on rogue landlords who rent out unsafe accommodation by allowing the sharing of tenancy deposit protection.

Clark said: “We are determined to crack down on rogue landlords who make money out of illegal immigration – exploiting vulnerable people and undermining our immigration system. In future, landlords will be required to ensure that the people they rent their properties to are legally entitled to be in the country. We will also require them to meet their basic responsibilities as landlords, cracking down on those who rent out dangerous, dirty and overcrowded properties.”

Calais will haunt Cameron – it gives EU ‘outs’ the perfect showreel

Matthew d’Ancona

Footage of young men running at lorries, trying to make it to England at any price, will be abused by those who think Britain has lost control of its destiny

Migrants at Calais. ‘The proposition that Brexit would stop them in their tracks shows a heartbreaking lack of understanding of human nature.’ Photograph: Yui Mok/PA

Sunday 2 August 2015 17.51 BST Last modified on Monday 3 August 2015 07.52 BST

So ends the honeymoon: the turmoil in Calais and its consequences in Kent have finally dragged David Cameron from the election winner’s podium down to political ground level and a harsh audit of his response to the cross-Channel crisis.

Labour, of course, is distracted to the point of irrelevance, squirming in a chrysalis that occasionally assumes the shape of a fossil. The most that the party’s interim leader, Harriet Harman, has mustered so far is a letter to Cameron, demanding that compensation be sought from France for those who have been inconvenienced. Hardly raises the pulse, does it?

The referendum will be a competition of warnings, a contest of threats rather than of dreams

Though you would not have guessed it in the days after 7 May, most of the right-of-centre media never really liked this prime minister, and spent much of the last parliament complaining about the concessions he had to make to his Lib Dem partners, the alleged inadequacy of his government’s spending cuts, and his supposed fixation with “faddish” causes such as same-sex marriage.

Cameron’s victory obliged what remains of the Tory press to put out the blue bunting and toast a politician they had been rubbishing for years as a man of destiny. The Calais fiasco has enabled them to revert to type and resume their routine attack upon the feeble Fauntleroy in No 10.

Since he became leader in 2005, it has always been Cameron’s intention to reframe the question of migration as a primarily administrative challenge, and to drain Tory discourse on population mobility of its poison, coded messages and dog-whistle innuendo. His policy has been driven by concerns about capacity rather than the cultural objections of the reactionary right.

In this context, his use of the word “swarm” to describe those seeking escape from north Africa was indeed, as the Refugee Council objected, “dehumanising”. But it was the exception that proved the rule, a slip at odds with his usual conduct. Whatever else Cameron is, he’s no racist.

On the challenges posed by the forces of modernity – globalisation, development, migration – the government’s undisputed guru is Sir Paul Collier, professor of economics and public policy at Oxford. In his most recent book, Exodus: Immigration and Multiculturalism in the 21st Century,, Collier writes scathingly of “the political economy of panic” and dismisses the polarised opinions of both “xenophobes” and those who regard all migration limits as morally suspect.

As if using the book as his manual, Cameron does indeed lie dead-centre between these extreme positions: conscious that effective border control has become a basic test of governmental competence, but no less aware that a strong economy requires migrant labour and that a decent society does not turn away the afflicted, tortured or persecuted. Fortress Britain is a mad dream of those who hate only one thing more than modern Britain, which is the thought that anyone might want to come and live here.

The challenges encapsulated in the Calais drama will long outlast Cameron’s premiership. But there is an immediate and pressing reason for his personal supervision of the crisis – his chairmanship of a Cobra meeting last week – and for the anxieties coursing through the sinews of the government.

Much is written about the timing of the EU referendum and the growing preference for a date in 2016 rather than the year after. In fact, the criterion is unchanged: as soon as possible, but not until the political stars are aligned.

Calais migrants abandon plans for life in UK and start learning French

Matthew d’Ancona

Video en: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/aug/02/calais-haunt-cameron-eu-referendum-showreel?CMP=EMCNEWEML6619I2

Footage of young men running at lorries, trying to make it to England at any price, will be abused by those who think Britain has lost control of its destiny.

So ends the honeymoon: the turmoil in Calais and its consequences in Kent have finally dragged David Cameron from the election winner’s podium down to political ground level and a harsh audit of his response to the cross-Channel crisis.

Labour, of course, is distracted to the point of irrelevance, squirming in a chrysalis that occasionally assumes the shape of a fossil. The most that the party’s interim leader, Harriet Harman, has mustered so far is a letter to Cameron, demanding that compensation be sought from France for those who have been inconvenienced. Hardly raises the pulse, does it?

The referendum will be a competition of warnings, a contest of threats rather than of dreams

Though you would not have guessed it in the days after 7 May, most of the right-of-centre media never really liked this prime minister, and spent much of the last parliament complaining about the concessions he had to make to his Lib Dem partners, the alleged inadequacy of his government’s spending cuts, and his supposed fixation with “faddish” causes such as same-sex marriage.

Cameron’s victory obliged what remains of the Tory press to put out the blue bunting and toast a politician they had been rubbishing for years as a man of destiny. The Calais fiasco has enabled them to revert to type and resume their routine attack upon the feeble Fauntleroy in No 10.

Since he became leader in 2005, it has always been Cameron’s intention to reframe the question of migration as a primarily administrative challenge, and to drain Tory discourse on population mobility of its poison, coded messages and dog-whistle innuendo. His policy has been driven by concerns about capacity rather than the cultural objections of the reactionary right.

In this context, his use of the word “swarm” to describe those seeking escape from north Africa was indeed, as the Refugee Council objected, “dehumanising”. But it was the exception that proved the rule, a slip at odds with his usual conduct. Whatever else Cameron is, he’s no racist.

On the challenges posed by the forces of modernity – globalisation, development, migration – the government’s undisputed guru is Sir Paul Collier, professor of economics and public policy at Oxford. In his most recent book, Exodus: Immigration and Multiculturalism in the 21st Century,, Collier writes scathingly of “the political economy of panic” and dismisses the polarised opinions of both “xenophobes” and those who regard all migration limits as morally suspect.

As if using the book as his manual, Cameron does indeed lie dead-centre between these extreme positions: conscious that effective border control has become a basic test of governmental competence, but no less aware that a strong economy requires migrant labour and that a decent society does not turn away the afflicted, tortured or persecuted. Fortress Britain is a mad dream of those who hate only one thing more than modern Britain, which is the thought that anyone might want to come and live here.

The challenges encapsulated in the Calais drama will long outlast Cameron’s premiership. But there is an immediate and pressing reason for his personal supervision of the crisis – his chairmanship of a Cobra meeting last week – and for the anxieties coursing through the sinews of the government.

Much is written about the timing of the EU referendum and the growing preference for a date in 2016 rather than the year after. In fact, the criterion is unchanged: as soon as possible, but not until the political stars are aligned.

Migrants set up school in Calais ‘Jungle’

In an article for the Telegraph in June, the editorial board of the Eurosceptic campaign group Business for Britain argued that full control of migration could only be achieved by a complete break with European institutions. According to Matt Ridley, Matthew Elliott, Luke Johnson and others, the halfway house represented by membership of the European Economic Area would not release Britain from its obligation to respect free movement of EU citizens within the 28-nation bloc: “Exit from the EU and regaining complete policy freedom provides the widest possible choice. Taking a more global view is paramount.”

Elliott was the mastermind behind No to AV, the strategically brilliant campaign that saw off electoral reform at Westminster in the 2011 referendum. In those days, he and Cameron were on the same side. The prime minister knows he is an adversary to be respected.

Worse, the “outs” now have a showreel: news footage of young men running towards lorries and the Eurotunnel, trying to make it to England at any price. The proposition that Brexit would stop them in their tracks shows a heartbreaking lack of understanding of human nature, of hope or of desperation.

But in a world of competing images this one, you can be sure, will be abused again and again to make the case against continued EU membership. Like Mary Tudor, Cameron may yet find Calais engraved on his heart.

Kent social services struggling to cope with children seeking asylum

Council appeals to Home Office for urgent help with £5.5m funding shortfall as rise of number of under-18s needing foster care more than doubles in year

Children at play in makeshift migrant camp in Calais. Photograph: Thibault Camus/AP

Alan Travis and Jessica Elgot

Thursday 30 July 2015 23.59 BST Last modified on Friday 31 July 2015 09.32 BST

A dramatic rise has occurred in the number of unaccompanied children seeking asylum as the Calais migrant crisis has unfolded, leaving Kent social services struggling to cope, county council leaders have warned.

Kent county council has appealed to the Home Office and children’s services across the south of England for urgent help with a £5.5m funding shortfall and the “enormous strain” on social services, and for assistance in finding foster places for the children, who are on their own and as young as 12.

The number of young asylum seekers from countries such as Syria and Iraq aged under 18 and needing foster care after arriving at Dover has risen from 238 a year ago to 369 in April, and has accelerated further over the last three months to the latest figure of 605.

In a further sign of the strain on local services, on Thursday police officers from neighbouring south-east forces were deployed for the first time to help with Operation Stack, which has seen the M20 motorway outside Dover turned into the largest lorry park in Europe. Anne Barnes, Kent’s police and crime commissioner, said the outside officers sent in under the mutual aid scheme were needed because Kent police were “tired and exhausted after many weeks of long shifts in difficult conditions”. Operation Stack has run up a £1m policing bill since 23 June alone.

David Cameron will chair a meeting of the government’s emergency committee, Cobra, on Friday. It is understood he will ask ministers and officials to see if more can be done to address the situation at the port and the Channel tunnel railhead at Coquelles in Calais. Cameron is facing criticism from his own MPs over the government’s failure to ease the long delays faced by hundreds of thousands of British summer holidaymakers trying to get in and out of the country by the cross-Channel routes.

Transport ministers are urgently working on alternative “lorry park” options, including opening the disused Manston airfield, to deal with the congestion caused by the queueing truck drivers waiting up to 18 hours for the disrupted ferry services to Calais.

Cameron was also roundly attacked by refugee welfare groups and opposition politicians for his use of language in claiming that there was a “swarm of people coming across the Mediterranean … heading to Britain and seeking a better life”. The Refugee Council described Cameron’s language as “irresponsible and dehumanising”, while the Labour leader, Harriet Harman, simply said he should “remember he is talking about people and not insects”.

The number of attempts made by migrants in Calais to enter the Channel Tunnel on Wednesday night was said to be several hundred, below the 1,500 reported on Tuesday and the 2,000 on Monday.

Paul Carter, the leader of Kent county council, raised both the social services and traffic congestion issues with ministers on Thursday. “We have got two issues,” he said afterwards. “One is having to contend with Operation Stack and the main arterial route, the M20, being closed in both directions. But also, local government has statutory duties to provide care for unaccompanied minors under the age of 18 and those numbers have escalated dramatically in the last four or five weeks.”

Kent county council said it was working with the Association of Directors of Children’s Services to place youngsters where there is space elsewhere in the country after assessment. Compass Fostering, an independent agency, said it had 140 young asylum seekers referred for foster care this month, compared with 60 in May. In July last year, that number was just 34. Most are from war-torn countries in the Middle East – notably Syria and Iraq – as well as Afghanistan and Eritrea in east Africa. The vast majority are boys, with the youngest aged just 12.

Compass said most of the referrals have been from local authorities in Kent, West Sussex and London, with police finding children at Gatwick airport and left by motorways. Bernie Gibson, Compass Fostering’s managing director, told the Guardian it was a highly significant increase, and highlighted the need for more foster carers countrywide. “We’re lucky to have foster carers who speak many languages, but we always need more people who can look after these very vulnerable young people.

“Many don’t speak the language and clearly they are traumatised by what they have come from. I think our message would be that it’s time to put the political issues aside and really focus on the rights of these children to a caring and loving home.”

Foster carer Sheinaz Mouradi, 44, who speaks five languages, said her skills were invaluable because of the numbers of children needing fostering who do not speak English. “If you can speak to them, it’s so much easier to get them to open up, the language barrier can be very hard, you need to communicate just to feel a little more comfortable.”

Mouradi, from Ealing, west London, has fostered children for five years, including two 16-year-old asylum seekers from Morocco. One arrived in Southampton having hidden himself on a boat, without knowing where he would end up. The other boy had clung to the undercarriage of a lorry to enter the UK.

“It has not been easy. They have no families and they have had to be self-sufficient, living on the streets, and have been exposed to a lot of crime, so they are naturally a bit more grown-up,” she said. “Children who are asylum seekers are not easy, but the boys who have been with us have learnt to read and write, and started to speak English well.”

Rohingya Women Flee Violence Only to Be Sold Into Marriage

By CHRIS BUCKLEY and ELLEN BARRY – AUG. 2, 2015

For Rohingya, Fear and Forced Marriages

As thousands of Rohingya women flee persecution and peril in Myanmar, many end up trapped by smugglers, vulnerable to exploitation and forced into prostitution and arranged marriages.

By JONAH M. KESSEL on Publish Date August 2, 2015. Watch in Times Video »

GELUGOR, Malaysia — The young woman had been penned in a camp in the sweltering jungle of southern Thailand for two months when she was offered a deal.

She fled Myanmar this year hoping to reach safety in Malaysia, after anti-Muslim rioters burned her village. But her family could not afford the $1,260 the smugglers demanded to complete the journey.

A stranger was willing to pay for her freedom, the smugglers said, if she agreed to marry him.

“I was allowed to call my parents, and they said that if I was willing, it would be better for all the family,” said the woman, Shahidah Yunus, 22. “I understood what I must do.”

She joined the hundreds of young Rohingya women from Myanmar sold into marriage to Rohingya men already in Malaysia as the price of escaping violence and poverty in their homeland.

While some Rohingya women agree to such marriages to escape imprisonment or worse at the hands of smugglers, others are tricked or coerced. Some are only teenagers.

Their numbers are difficult to gauge, but officials and activists estimate that in recent years hundreds, if not thousands, of Rohingya women every year have been married off this way, and that their numbers have been increasing.

Ambiya Khatu, center, with her niece and mother, married a man in Malaysia who paid $1,050 for her release from smugglers. Credit Mauricio Lima for The New York Times

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reported that a surge of maritime migrants from Bangladesh and Myanmar this year brought an increase in “abductions and marriages arranged without the consent of women whose passage was ultimately paid for by prospective husbands.”

“Hundreds, if not thousands, of women and girls have been forced, sold or arranged for marriage via these trafficking corridors since 2012,” said Matthew Smith, the executive director of Fortify Rights, an advocacy group in Bangkok that monitors Rohingya refugees. “For some families, it’s viewed as an imperative, as a survival mechanism.”

“The trafficking gangs are treating this as a rather lucrative business,” he said, adding that for the women and girls, “being sold or forced into marriage is the least-worst outcome, and that’s a problem.”

Ms. Yunus, who now shares a house with her 38-year-old husband and 17 other Rohingyas on Penang Island, Malaysia, said she had little choice after an uncle who had promised to pay for her journey failed to do so.

“I chose to marry my husband because the smugglers needed money to release me,” she said. “We were afraid of rape. It is better to marry a Rohingya man who can take care of us.”

Sharifah Shakirah, a Rohingya refugee in Kuala Lumpur who advises refugees on resettlement, said that many of the women held by smugglers fear that if they do not find husbands quickly, “the traffickers might sell them to do sex work” in Thailand or India.

While such trafficking is not unheard-of, it appears to be deployed more commonly as a threat than an eventuality.

Some women have no say in the matter, according to Mr. Smith of Fortify Rights, which is preparing a report on marriages and human trafficking.

“They don’t care about anything,” one 15-year-old girl said of her traffickers, according to notes provided by Mr. Smith. “If someone pays money, we would have to go to them.”

The young women often undertake the journeys under pressure from parents, anxious to send their daughters to safety and to reduce their domestic burdens, and are lured on by smugglers’ rosy promises about the cost of the voyage and the good life that awaits them in Malaysia, Rohingyas and experts said.

In reality, single women who board smugglers’ ships without the means to pay become merchandise, held in a camp or aboard a ship until someone pays for their release.

If the smugglers know the woman’s family cannot afford the cost, “they will inform other people and say, ‘We have this woman,’ ” Ms. Shakirah said.

The husbands often turn out to be older and poorer than promised. Some women end up trapped in unhappy or abusive relationships.

Two years ago, Ambiya Khatu, 21, married a man in Malaysia who paid $1,050 for her release from smugglers in Thailand. “Even though he is too old for me, my mother agreed to the marriage,” she said. “There was nobody to rescue us, so I agreed.”

In Myanmar, formerly Burma, she had hoped to study nursing and work in a hospital. Now she lives in a suburb of Kuala Lumpur, the Malaysian capital, caring for her mother, her ill sister and her sister’s baby in a cramped room, while awaiting the return of her husband. He disappeared months ago, saying he was looking for work.

“After being rescued, my husband asked if I wanted to marry him,” Ms. Khatu said, her round, expressive face a palette of conflicted emotions. “He said, ‘If you don’t want to marry me, you can simply pay back my money which I spent on you.’ ”

That was impossible.

“I don’t know the language, so how will I work to pay him?” she said. “Also, we don’t have any relatives here, and I don’t have any legal documentation, so there was no option for me except marriage.”

Her mother, Mabiya Khatu, shook her head and murmured in disapproval. Her own husband was killed in 2012, when rioters swept into their village, leaving the family impoverished, she said. The alternative was her daughters being sold into sexual slavery, she said.

“If I didn’t give my daughter to him, then the traffickers might have sold her into the wrong hands,” the mother said. “Traffickers tried to sell both my daughters, so I got them married, and here she is in safe hands, and able to eat at least.”

Shahidah Yunus with her husband, Dil Muhammad Hussan, in the house they share with 17 other Rohingyas in Malaysia. Credit Mauricio Lima for The New York Times

The younger Ms. Khatu frowned. “I didn’t like him,” she said, “but I had to like him.”

Rohingya men who paid smugglers for brides were reluctant to discuss how the deals were struck. But a phone call recorded by investigators from Fortify Rights last September between a Rohingya woman held in a camp in Thailand and a Rohingya broker reveals the harsh calculus determining a woman’s fate.

“You have never married yet?” the broker asks, according to a transcript provided by Fortify Rights.

“I have never married,” she says.

The broker says that he knows an eligible man, an elderly Rohingya, willing to pay $780 for the rest of her journey to Malaysia.

“Yes, I will marry, if that is the will of God,” she answers. “We are in a difficult situation. Would you please try to take us in two or three days? We cannot get food, water, clothes, and cannot take a bath.”

After the deal is made, the broker tells a guard in the camp that he needs several more single women for prospective husbands.

“You can see them first,” the guard says. “If you want to take one or two, that is your decision.”

The transactions are not always so clear-cut, however, especially given that Rohingya women come from a culture where arranged marriages are the norm. But in their villages, the women often know the prospective husbands, and they are likely to have more say in the decision.

Rohingya migrants on a boat drifting in Thai waters in the Andaman Sea in May. Single women who board smugglers’ ships without the means to pay often simply become merchandise. Credit Christophe Archambault/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

In some cases, impoverished families arrange marriages in advance to pay for a daughter’s trip.

Some of the women who marry to pay a smuggler’s fare describe it as a choice, but Susan Kneebone, a professorial fellow at the University of Melbourne in Australia who is studying forced migration and marriage in Southeast Asia, says that these marriages amount to trafficking when violence, threats or misleading promises are used.

“The idea of trafficking is really one of whether there has been an abuse of power,” she said. “These women actually don’t have that much freedom within their own community, I suspect, and that’s all made much worse by the fact that they’re traveling to another country.”

After anti-Muslim violence erupted in Western Myanmar in 2012, most of the refugees were men. But the number of women and children fleeing from Myanmar has risen in the past two years.

One reason is the scarcity of eligible Rohingya men in Myanmar. The shortage has also raised the cost of dowries paid by the brides’ families, said Chris Lewa, a Rohingya rights advocate based in Bangkok. Conversely, she said, the high ratio of Rohingya men to women in Malaysia made men there more willing to pay for a bride’s journey and to forgo a dowry.

This year and last year, she said, “one can safely say that at least 5,000 young women embarked on boats and would have entered in a marriage after arriving in Malaysia.”

For now, the smuggling has been paused by a regional crackdown and the rough weather of the monsoon season. But some Rohingya women are waiting for the trade to resume so they too can flee, even if the price of a ticket is marriage.

Tahera Begum, 18, a Rohingya woman who had fled Myanmar a few months earlier, was staying with her sister-in-law in a makeshift camp in Kutupalong, Bangladesh, waiting to continue her journey to marry a man in Malaysia who was chosen by her brother, also in Malaysia.

She had not seen a picture of the man, but they had spoken to him on the phone several times.

“When I talked to him, he said he had a job, so he had an income,” she said. “I would have been happier if I could stay here, but my brother wanted me to get married in Malaysia.

“If I get the signal from my brother or husband-to-be,” she said, “I will try again.”

Chris Buckley reported from Gelugor, Malaysia, and Ellen Barry from Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Jonah M. Kessel contributed reporting from Kuala Lumpur.

A version of this article appears in print on August 3, 2015, on page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: Rohingya Women Flee Violence Only to Be Sold Into Marriage

The Opinion Pages | Editorial

Greece’s Refugee Crisis and Europe’s Failure

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD – AUG. 6, 2015

Refugees at a temporary camp on the Greek island of Lesbos. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

As if Greece didn’t have enough on its hands after its European creditors forced it to accept a damaging bailout deal last month, it is also trying to cope with more refugees crossing the Mediterranean to its shores than to any other country in Europe. It is unconscionable for Europe to expect Greece to shoulder this burden, yet that is exactly what is happening.

More than 107,000 refugees and immigrants have landed in Greece this year, surpassing the 80,000 reaching Italy. More than half are Syrians fleeing the civil war.

The refugees, arriving in Greece at a rate of 1,000 a day, are exhausted, dehydrated and hungry. The few reception centers operated by the Greek government are overwhelmed and cannot offer this population enough food, much less shelter or medical care. But for those who risked their lives to reach Europe there is no turning back.

With the Greek government in no position to commit more resources to the problem, residents on the island of Lesbos — where many refugees from the Middle East land because of its proximity to Turkey — have responded generously, providing meals, blankets and dry clothing. Their response should shame others in Europe, particularly the British government, which is panicking over the prospect that a mere 3,000 migrants in Calais, France, might make it across the English Channel.

Europe’s migration crisis, which is growing more urgent by the day, cannot be solved by citizen volunteers in the Continent’s most financially damaged country. The European Union agreed last month to take 40,000 refugees from Greece and Italy over the next two years, but that is a laughable number given the scope of the crisis. Even then, member nations could not agree on how many each would accept, something the European Commission says it will now try to get done by the end of this year.

Greece needs help from Europe, and it needs it now. The European Commission should immediately allocate emergency funds to Greece for refugee services. It must also compel member states to take action if the union is to have any credibility at all.

A version of this editorial appears in print on August 6, 2015, on page A26 of the New York edition with the headline: Greece’s Refugee Crisis and Europe’s Failure.

Migrants pulled an inflatable boat crowded with Syrian refugees arriving last month from the Turkish coast on Lesbos island, Greece. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

On Island of Lesbos, a Microcosm of Greece’s Other Crisis: Migrants

The number of refugees and migrants arriving on Lesbos and on other Greek islands has surged to a full-scale disaster, and only squalor awaits them.

Written by SUZANNE DALEY; Photographs by SERGEY PONOMAREV – AUG. 4, 2015

LESBOS, Greece — The immigration center here, a cluster of prefabricated buildings surrounded by rows of chain-link and barbed-wire fences, was full again on a recent evening, leaving hundreds of families, some with infants, to find a place among the piles of garbage outside.

The toilets were clogged and the temperatures still well above 90 degrees. Flies and mosquitoes were everywhere.

“Look, her eyes are sick,” said Ibrahim Nawrozi, a desperate 27-year-old Afghan mechanic, holding up his 10-month-old daughter for inspection. “We are in this garbage three days. We can’t stay here another day.”

Since the beginning of the year, the number of refugees and migrants arriving here and on other Greek islands has surged to full-scale humanitarian-crisis levels. Arrivals by sea have surpassed 107,000 through July, according to United Nations figures, eclipsing even the numbers of people reaching Italy. Most of those who arrive on the shores of Lesbos, a popular tourist destination just off the coast of Turkey in the Aegean Sea, are fleeing the wars in Syria and Afghanistan and hoping to head deeper into Western Europe.

In June, 15,254 migrants and refugees arrived on Lesbos, according to the Greek Coast Guard, compared with 921 the same month last year.

But only squalor awaits them here. They arrive in a country that is deep in its own crisis, with an unemployment rate over 25 percent, banks not fully open and its government all but broke.

There are volunteers, both tourists and Greeks, scraping together what assistance they can, offering crackers, water and sometimes dry clothes. But what they muster does not come close to the need. Some of the families outside the center had been unable to get any food that day, elbowed out of the way by others, they said. Some who had gotten food said it made them sick. Human rights groups have called the conditions here and on other nearby islands appalling.

Migrants pulled a boat crowded with Syrians last month onto the shore at Lesbos. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

Spyros Galinos, the mayor of Lesbos, agrees that conditions are “awful.” But he said the scale of the problem had been mind-boggling, with 1,500 people arriving on some days.

“We had 3,000 people outside the center the other day,” he said.

The migrants and refugees land at all hours, packed into inflatable boats that should hold 15, according to the manufacturer’s instructions stamped clearly on the side of boats. But they usually hold 40, sometimes more. They cross from Turkey, where they have paid smugglers about $1,200 for a place on the boat, more if they want life jackets.

The distance is as little as three and a half miles in some places. But the overloaded boats, taking in water because they sit so low in the sea, can take hours to make the crossings. Passengers that arrive in the night are often exhausted and freezing. Others arrive sunburned. Some end up throwing everything they own overboard, even wheelchairs.

Still, the volunteers who watch for the boats from cliffs say that many of the passengers fall to their knees with happiness when they make it to the rocky beaches here.

It was that way for Rosh A., a 32-year-old Syrian teacher, who asked not to be identified by her last name for fear of what might happen to her family back home on the outskirts of Damascus. Rosh said she had made the trip in less than 24 hours, flying to Beirut, Lebanon, and to Istanbul before climbing into an inflatable boat with her two children and three friends. In Damascus, she said, the bombs arrived regularly and basic services were gone.

“I was dying there every day,” she said, as one of her traveling companions used his smartphone to show a video of explosions and fires erupting in the suburbs of the city. “Yes, it was frightening in that boat, but when I got in it I had a future again.”

Once ashore, however, the group faced a 30-mile walk to register with the authorities. The roads are filled day and night with refugees and migrants trudging toward the port town of Mitilini. Some, like Mr. Nawrozi’s wife, get so exhausted carrying their children that they abandon their belongings along the road.

It is a measure of how few official services there are that those who are rescued by the Coast Guard in the north of the island are brought to Melinda McRostie, who, with her husband, runs a restaurant called the Captain’s Table in the nearby town of Molyvos.

With donations solicited from a Facebook page, Ms. McRostie has rented a space behind the rows of restaurants overlooking the port. On a recent evening, as tourists chatted, ate grilled fish and tried ouzo out front, 33 young men from Afghanistan, many with blistered lips, were lining up for turkey and cheese sandwiches in the back.

Afterward, they bedded down for the night on plastic sheeting. By early morning, another group of 100 Syrians had arrived, one man suffering from hypothermia.

“Me,” Ms. McRostie said, “I was dealing with it, like I know anything about what to do. We were trying to get his wet clothes off and I think now he was really embarrassed. This morning he wouldn’t look at me.”

Only squalor awaits them. They arrive in a country that is deep in its own crisis, with an unemployment rate over 25 percent, banks not fully open and its government all but broke. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

For many residents of the island, the wave of migrants and refugees could hardly come at a worse time of year. The tourist season is in full swing, and restaurants and hotels here depend on the summer months to stay in business. Even those who are volunteering to help the new arrivals are eager to point out that tourists will find the island unchanged. That is true to a large degree. But in the north, the beaches are littered with deflated boats and piles of abandoned life jackets and inflatable tubes.

About 60 percent of the arrivals are from Syria. The next largest group, making up about 20 percent, are Afghans. But there are also arrivals from Somalia, Congo, Eritrea and Pakistan, among others.

Few stay on the island for very long. The authorities have stepped up the processing of papers so that most can take a ferry — at their own expense — to the mainland within three or four days. From there, most say they will make their way out of Greece, through Macedonia, Serbia and Hungary to Austria and beyond. Many hope to go to Germany, Sweden, Denmark or Norway.

The authorities have set up two encampments, but they are not managed in any way. There is nobody to settle disputes or answer questions about the constantly changing system of processing papers. Police officers can arrive at any time to hand out papers, but they do not even have a bullhorn, so people often fear that they have not heard their names being called.

Rosh and her children have their papers, for instance, as do two of her traveling companions. But the sixth member of the group has not received his papers and they have no idea why, or any means of finding out. So, they wait, settled in the stifling heat by a tree that they joke is their air-conditioner.

“You know,” Rosh said, “I never even had to worry about money a day in my life before.”

At the registration center, a police major, Kostas Papazoglou, said that the staff was overwhelmed, but that there were no reinforcements to be had.

The police, he said, were paying for food, but on a budget of less than 6 euros, or about $6.60, per person per day. There was no money for clearing the garbage from the area or tending to the toilets.

“Ten days ago, there were 2,000 people here,” he said. “And the Syrians had closed the road in protest, a fight had broken out up top in the encampment and there was a fire. We had 10 officers here trying to deal with all of that.”

Anastasia Christodoulopoulou, Greece’s minister of migration policy, said she hoped to start receiving more funds from the European Union soon. The country, she said, did not have the resources to do much on its own, with so many Greeks struggling themselves.

The authorities have set up two encampments, but they are not managed in any way. The authorities have stepped up the processing of papers so that most of the migrants can take a ferry — at their own expense — to the mainland within three or four days. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

“I mean, there is a humanitarian crisis here, with 1.5 million unemployed, with three million poor, with homeless people, and we are not able to cover their basic needs,” she said. “And in this situation, we are called to also cover the needs of people who are even weaker.”

But some on Lesbos say Greeks must summon the means to help despite their own suffering. The Rev. Stratis Dimou, a Greek Orthodox priest who has provided a way station for hundreds of immigrants walking the 30 miles from the north of the island to south, said there were perhaps 100 Greek families in his town, which was once prosperous from construction work, who now depend on charity to survive.

Yet, Father Dimou said, additional efforts must still be made to help the new arrivals. “These people are just trying to take care of themselves,” he said. “They are just trying to survive.”

He said that one day a woman had become separated from her husband, so he took her in his car to search for him.

“When we found him,” Father Dimou said, “he came over to my car. He bowed and he kissed me, and at that moment I realized there are no borders.

Beaches on Lesbos are littered with deflated boats and piles of abandoned life jackets and inflatable tubes. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

Nikolas Leontopoulos contributed reporting.

A version of this article appears in print on August 5, 2015, on page A7 of the New York edition with the headline: Greece Faces Another Crisis as Migration Surges

The Opinion Pages | Editorial

A Judge’s Rebuke of Immigration Detention

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD – AUG. 5, 2015

Children do not belong in prison. The mass detention of families offends American values, a lesson this country learned long ago at Manzanar, Tule Lake, Heart Mountain and the other Japanese-American internment camps of World War II.

Learned, but apparently forgotten by the Obama administration, which has just been ordered by a federal judge to release several hundred women and children locked up in its immigration detention centers in southern Texas. The centers, in Dilley and Karnes City, were thrown up hastily last year to contain a surge of families and unaccompanied children from Central America, many desperately seeking refuge from gang and drug and political violence at home.

In a sharply critical ruling on July 24, Judge Dolly Gee of the Federal District Court in Los Angeles found that the administration was violating a 1997 court settlement of a lawsuit involving the care and treatment of children in immigration detention. That settlement, Flores v. Reno, requires the government to hold children in the least-restrictive settings appropriate to their ages and needs, in places licensed to care for children, and to release them without needless delay to their parents or other adult relatives whenever possible.

The judge found it starkly evident that the filthy, freezing holding cells of the Border Patrol, and the unlicensed lockups in Texas where families languished for weeks and months, distraught and anxious, did not meet those legal obligations.

The administration says it has made great progress in improving conditions at the Karnes and Dilley centers. But clean, tidy prisons are still prisons. The judge gave the administration until Thursday to respond to her order. The Homeland Security Department should accept the opportunity to do the right thing: Close the detention centers and open the courtrooms. Find adequate shelter and care, and lawyers and community support, for the children and mothers. Release them on their own recognizance or on affordable bond, using ankle bracelets only as an extreme step.

The country has more than enough money for catching, imprisoning and deporting immigrants. Private prison companies like the ones that run Karnes and Dilley are profiting richly from the enforcement regime. But there never seems to be enough money for justice and values.

The administration worries about detainees absconding — even though a majority of families do show up again in court, and families who have lawyers overwhelmingly honor their obligations. Immigration courts, meanwhile, are underfunded and overwhelmed, and asylum seekers wait many months or years to have their cases resolved. These deficiencies make a mockery of America’s claims to be a haven for refugees.

Through all this, the immigrant tide at the border has sharply receded from last year. The administration’s fears about the embarrassment of another border surge have not. But political anxieties have to be weighed against real human suffering, and the United States’ obligations under the Flores case and to asylum seekers under international law.

A version of this editorial appears in print on August 5, 2015, on page A18 of the New York edition with the headline: A Rebuke of Immigration Detention.

Desaparece oficina para atención de migrantes en frontera sur

Por Fabiola Martínez

mié, 05 ago 2015 15:01

El titular de la Coordinación para la Atención Integral de la Migración en la Frontera Sur, Humberto Mayans Canabal, vuelve al Senado a partir del 1 de septiembre. Foto Fabiola Martínez

México, DF. La Coordinación para la Atención Integral de la Migración en la Frontera Sur, creada apenas en julio de 2014, desaparecerá como tal y sus funciones sustantivas pasarán a otras áreas de la Secretaría de Gobernación (SG), como consecuencia de la pretendida restructuración programática de la administración pública. El titular del área, Humberto Mayans Canabal, vuelve al Senado de la República a partir del 1 de septiembre.

Dijo sentirse “con una gran tranquilidad de conciencia” porque están en marcha diversos proyectos de inversión y desarrollo regional como la inyección de recursos (más de 6 mil millones de pesos) para la modernización del tren de carga del sur, mejor conocido como La Bestia, utilizado por los migrantes en su camino hacia el norte de México.

El objetivo es acelerar la velocidad de este medio de transporte de 10 a 60 kilómetros por hora, a fin de agilizar el flujo de mercancías, aunque al final también se impedirá por esta vía el arribo de migrantes, la mayoría centroamericanos.

Esta Coordinación tuvo un presupuesto en 2015 de 102 millones de pesos y 94 empleados. Mayans aclaró que esta instancia es un órgano desconcentrado de Gobernación y, por tanto, no maneja directamente recursos y mucho menos 82 millones de dólares de la iniciativa Mérida, como se difundió en algún momento.

Los cambios –fusión o desaparición de la coordinación– parten de un proyecto de la Secretaría de Hacienda para 2016; en consecuencia, Mayans vuelve al Legislativo, como lo informó La Jornada en su edición impresa el pasado 8 de julio.

“Es una estrategia del gobierno federal donde Hacienda le toca una parte y a otras dependencias otra parte. No es responsabilidad de Hacienda lo que está sucediendo sino una necesidad del gobierno federal para lograr mayor eficiencia y mejores resultados en las políticas públicas”, dijo.

Vuelvo al Senado –agregó en entrevista– con una gran tranquilidad de conciencia; trabajamos mucho este año, hay resultados muy importantes. Hay 43 programas de alto impacto social que se está trabajando en los 23 municipios fronterizos (18 de Chiapas, dos de Tabasco, dos de Campeche y uno en Quintana Roo).

En esos 23 municipios viven 1.6 millones de mexicanos, de los cuales 400 mil son indígenas.

También hay centros regionales para atender a los migrantes en tránsito y fiscalías especializadas para este tema y derechos humanos para una región en la que están operando grandes bandas de delincuencia organizada.

Les invitamos a participar de la decimotercera sesión del

Grupo de Estudios Migraciones y Fronteras

Jueves, 13 de agosto de 2015, de las 16:30 a las 18:30 hs.

Dentro de la cual discutiremos el texto:“I’m Here, but I’m There”: The Meanings of Latina Transnational Motherhood, de Hondagneu y Avila (mismo que se encuentra en el blog http://gemigracionesyfronteras.blogspot.com/p/que-es-priem.html) Ver archivo adjunto

El grupo de estudios es un espacio de debate antropológico sobre las teorías y métodos relacionados a los estudios de las migraciones. Pertenece a la Línea de Investigaciones en Migraciones Internacionales del Departamento de Antropología y se vincula al Programa Interdisciplinar de Estudios Migratorios (PRIEM) de la Universidad Alberto Hurtado. Se desarrolla con financiamiento del Proyecto FONDECYT 11121177.

Local: Sala de reuniones del Departamento de Antropología, Universidad Alberto Hurtado. Almirante Barroso 10, Estación de Metro Los Héroes (Santiago-Chile).

Informaciones e inscripción: migracionesyfronteras

Saludos atentos,

Esteban Nazal, Eleonora López, Felipe Valdebenito, Charlotte Weiss y Menara Guizardi.

In Europe, Few Good Options for Resolving the Immigration Crisis – Stratfor

Geopolitical Diary

August 6, 2015 | 01:40 GMT

European coast guard and naval forces along with merchant vessels were again involved in a rescue of migrants whose ship capsized off the Italian coast Wednesday in the highest-profile migrant tragedy since several hundred people died after their overcrowded fishing vessel capsized off the Italian island of Lampedusa in April. Since then, hundreds of migrants have had to be rescued nearly every month. Wednesday’s shipwreck, which involved an estimated 600 migrants, highlights the challenge to Europe of immigration fostered by the instability plaguing much of Europe’s southern periphery.

Syrian refugees along with sub-Saharan and East Africans form the bulk of asylum seekers risking lives and often paying large sums — several thousand dollars per person is not unheard of — for the chance to reach Europe. Moroccan, Algerian, Tunisian and Egyptian ports have all served as departure points for these migrants, although war and lawlessness mean the largest number of asylum seekers have departed from Libyan ports. Reflecting the profitability of the trade, fish reportedly has become more expensive in Libya and elsewhere in North Africa; prices presumably rose because significant numbers of locals stopped fishing so they could lease or sell their vessels to human traffickers. Also reflecting the profitability of human smuggling, Libya has seen relatively few attempted kidnappings for ransom compared with Syria, Iraq and northern Mali despite the proliferation of jihadist and militant groups in Libya.

Recent disputes over terms of a U.N.-brokered peace deal have led Libyan authorities, especially in and around Tripoli, to largely turn a blind eye to migrant outflows as they continue difficult negotiations with the United Nations and a rival government in Tobruk over an eventual power-sharing agreement. The European Union has sought cooperation from Libyan authorities in detaining migrants before they were able to pile into fishing boats and go out to sea. But European posturing, including threats of military action, have elicited strong condemnation from Libya’s internationally recognized government.

Europe’s leadership in fact has few good choices to help remedy the situation. Italy has made renewed threats of military action against the human traffickers who have set up profitable operations in largely lawless Libya. But strikes would further destabilize Libya and unravel a months long U.N.-brokered peace process. They would not address the broader issues in play driving migration to Europe, and military action risks increasing the number of asylum seekers in the short term. This is because European strikes would have to partially focus on destroying port infrastructure and fishing fleets, inevitably involving casualties among migrants — who would accordingly have even more incentive to leave Libya for Europe. And finally, strikes on Libya would merely redirect migrants to neighboring countries, where they could embark for Europe.

Once in Europe, the presence of migrants has caused much domestic turmoil. The rush of migrants seeking to enter the United Kingdom from France, and growing migrant shanty towns near the Channel Tunnel and the port of Calais, have dominated headlines this summer. Meanwhile, European leaders are left seriously reconsidering the Schengen agreement’s policy of open internal European borders. Rising far-right and Eurosceptic political sentiments in the wake of economic austerity and voter frustration with establishment policies have only compounded these incidents. This has left European governments with the unenviable choice of turning a blind eye to humanitarian disasters off their Mediterranean shores or assisting migrants and in turn empowering anti-immigrant forces such as France’s opposition National Front.

Ultimately, there are few options for Europe to address its Mediterranean migrant problems in the short term. And as European leaders continue to seek an elusive long-term solution, migrants will continue to pour out of North African fishing ports.

PERU: Más de 27,000 extranjeros llegaron a trabajar en los primeros 5 meses de 2015 – Perú21

Martes 04 de agosto del 2015 | 10:04

Además, la Defensoría del Pueblo y la Comisión Andina de Juristas proponen una nueva Ley de Extranjería.

El parlamentario andino Alberto Adrianzén reveló hoy que 27, 673 extranjeros ingresaron al Perú en calidad migratoria de trabajadordurante los cinco primeros meses del presente año, un 15.1% más que en el mismo periodo del 2014.

Durante el año pasado llegaron al país 23, 495 inmigrantes, de acuerdo a datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (INEI), según consigna la agencia de noticias Andina.

Señaló que los extranjeros arribaron con fines laborales y provienen en mayor número de Colombia (17.4 por ciento), Chile (14.4 por ciento), España (13.6 por ciento), Argentina (9.7 por ciento), Brasil (6.6 por ciento), Ecuador (5.3 por ciento), Estados Unidos (5.2 por ciento) y Bolivia (cuatro por ciento).

“El país está creciendo menos pero la llegada de extranjeros sigue en aumento, no obstante nuestra caduca y burocrática Ley de Extranjería, que debe sustituirse por una norma más ágil para que a los foráneos no les resulte tortuoso cumplir con los requisitos que les permita afincarse o renovar su estancia en el país”, agregó.

[Extranjeros
que llegaron a trabajar al Perú aumentaron casi 800% en última década]

NUEVA LEY DE EXTRANJERÍA
Indicó que su despacho, la Defensoría del Pueblo y la Comisión Andina de Juristas trabajaron una propuesta legislativa para una nueva Ley de Extranjería, que fue presentada ante el Grupo Multisectorial de la Presidencia del Consejo de Ministros, instancia encargada de elaborar una nueva norma sobre el tema.

Manifestó que con la ley vigente un ciudadano extranjero debe abandonar territorio peruano para renovar o cambiar su calidad migratoria mientras que, según la nueva propuesta, el cambio de condición —de turista a residente— se podría tramitar sin necesidad de abandonar el país.

El proyecto también plantea, entre otros nuevos puntos, que los extranjeros convivientes de ciudadanos peruanos gocen de los mismos derechos de aquellos que están casados por matrimonio civil.

“Hemos desarrollado este proyecto con instituciones especializadas en la materia y esta nueva norma pretende eliminar normas burocráticas que representan tiempo, dinero, injusticia, discriminación y frustración. Pedimos a las autoridades pertinentes no prolongar por más tiempo el cambio de normatividad”, acotó.

Selección de noticias de Julio sobre Migración y Frontera Sur que hacemos desde el SJM.

Ver archivo anexo

Invita UNACH a Congreso Mesoamericano de Investigación. Recepción de trabajos finaliza el 7 de agosto

En el marco de la 4a Feria Internacional del Libro Chiapas-Centroamérica, la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Chiapas se encuentra organizando el Congreso Mesoamericano de Investigación UNACH 2015, a realizarse del 28 al 30 de octubre de 2014.

Este encuentro académico tiene como objetivo reunir a los investigadores de México y Mesoamérica, para que se muestren los avances y resultados de los proyectos de investigación que se realizan en las diversas áreas del conocimiento.

Cada académico podrá participar solo con una propuesta. La fecha límite para enviar la ponencia, que deberá ser derivada en estricto sentido de proyectos de investigación, será el próximo lunes 7 de agosto de 2015 a las 16:00 hrs, habiendo sido extendido el plazo que concluiría el pasado 27 de julio.

Las ponencias deberán contar con máximo tres cuartillas de extensión, con los lineamientos establecidos en los Términos de Referencia de la UNACH. El ponente deberá registrarse en línea y adjuntar su propuesta en la dirección www.dgip.unach.mx

Las ponencias serán evaluadas por investigadores de reconocido prestigio a nivel nacional e internacional y el dictamen se dará a conocer el próximo 11 de septiembre de 2015.

Para acceder a la convocatoria da clic aquí

Número: 2952
Fecha: México, D. F. a 30 de julio de 2015

To English speakers: below you will find information in English published by American and Canadian press.

<img width="58" height="300" src="cid:image011.jpg

Este es un mensaje el Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior. Si desea visitar alguno de las ligas contenidas en este correo, puede hacerlo con absoluta confianza presionando en "Vaya a este sitio web (no recomendado)."

MEDIOS NACIONALES / ESTATALES – MÉXICO / MEDIA IN MÉXICO
EL EMBAJADOR WAYNE SE DESPIDE DE PEÑA / LA JORNADA
El presidente Enrique Peña Nieto agradeció al embajador de Estados Unidos, Anthony Wayne, la labor realizada durante su gestión en México, sus esfuerzos por promover un mejor entendimiento entre ambos países y su colaboración para desarrollar nuevos esquemas institucionales que ampliaron y diversificaron la agenda bilateral con la nación del norte.
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CONGRESISTAS PEDIRÁN A OBAMA CERRAR ‘CÁRCELES’ DE MIGRANTES / EL UNIVERSAL
Un grupo de congresistas exigirá esta semana al Gobierno del presidente de EU, Barack Obama, el cierre de los centros de detención para migrantes, que comparan con cárceles por las deplorables condiciones en las que supuestamente viven las madres y niños allí recluidos desde hace meses.
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MADRES EXIGEN EN EU CERRAR CÁRCELES PARA INDOCUMENTADOS / EL UNIVERSAL
Dos madres retenidas durante meses en los centros de detención para indocumentados exigieron ayer el cierre de estas instalaciones en un testimonio en el Congreso de Estados Unidos, donde denunciaron abusos de los guardias y falta de asistencia médica para sus hijos. “Yo sólo pido que estas detenciones se cierren, que no sigan marcando las vidas de los niños.
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MUERE MIGRANTE EN EL RÍO BRAVO / LA JORNADA
Un migrante murió ahogado en el río Bravo al intentar cruzar a Estados Unidos, su cuerpo fue trasladado a lado mexicano por personal de Bomberos. La víctima número 16 del río Bravo fue identificada como Pedro Martínez Bravo, de 49 años, oriundo de Teloloapan, Guerrero. De acuerdo al reporte oficial, minutos después de las 8:00 de la mañana de este miércoles,
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LLEGAN A JALPA REINAS MIGRANTES / IMAGEN ZACATECAS
Bellezas migrantes visitaron Jalpa, como parte de las actividades de su recorrido por todo el estado. Las 39 jovencitas pertenecen a varios municipios, pero ahora radican en Estados Unidos, por lo que pudieron conocer más de las raíces jalpenses.
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MEDIOS EN ESTADOS UNIDOS / MEDIA IN USA
STOP DEMONIZING MEXICO IN IMMIGRATION DEBATE / DAVID SHEDD / THE ARIZONA CENTRAL
My Turn: Kate Steinle’s murder resurrected crude stereotypes about our neighbor to the south. Kathryn Steinle was gunned down July 1 on San Francisco’s Pier 14. Within an hour, police arrested Francisco Sanchez and charged him with the murder. An uproar ensued. Sanchez was in the country illegally. A native of Mexico, he had racked up seven felony convictions in the U.S. and been deported five times. U.S. Customs officials had picked him up on a drug charge and handed him over to local authorities in March.
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JUECES ACELERAN LIBERACIÓN DE FAMILIAS INMIGRANTES / MARÍA PEÑA / LA RAZA
Aún antes de un fallo que acusó a la Administración Obama de violar el “Acuerdo Flores” contra la detención de migrantes menores, jueces de Inmigración han acelerado la puesta en libertad de mujeres y niños en los centros de detención en Texas y Pensilvania. La Oficina de Inmigración y Aduanas (ICE) no ha precisado cifras sobre cuántos inmigrantes indocumentados ha puesto en libertad desde que anunció el mes pasado que no mantendrá bajo custodia a madres (…)
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COMUNIDADES Y ACTIVISTAS DEFIENDEN A LAS ‘CIUDADES SANTUARIO’ DE ATAQUES POLITIZADOS / BELHU SANABRIA / LA RAZA
Tras la muerte de la joven Kathryn Steinle asesinada en San Francisco presuntamente a manos de Juan Francisco López, un indocumentado que había sido deportado a México cinco veces, ha arreciado el debate político sobre las llamadas ‘ciudades santuario’ para indocumentados. El jueves pasado, la Cámara de Representantes bajo control republicano aprobó una medida contra las ‘ciudades santuario’.
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TRUMP’S IMMIGRATION PLAN: DEPORT THE UNDOCUMENTED, ‘LEGAL STATUS’ FOR SOME / JEREMY DIAMOND / CNN
Donald Trump, the Republican presidential hopeful who shot up to the head of the pack over his controversial comments about illegal immigrants, is finally starting to lay out an immigration policy. Trump said Wednesday in an interview with CNN’s Dana Bash that as president he would deport all undocumented immigrants and then allow the "good ones" to reenter the country through an "expedited process" and live in the U.S. legally, though not as citizens. "Legal status," Trump suggested.
Full text
VISA AL INFIERNO: TRABAJAN LEGALMENTE EN EEUU, PERO VIVEN UNA PESADILLA / LA OPINIÓN
A los 26 años de edad, Marisela Valdez dejó sus hijos de 8 y 5 años con su madre en Sinaloa, México, y se subió a un minibús para viajar a los Estados Unidos por primera vez. Se fue llena de esperanzas de poder ganar dinero para terminar su educación, y se sentía contenta porque lo hacía con una visa que le permitía cruzar la frontera para trabajar legalmente en una planta procesadora de mariscos llamada L.T. West ubicado en Mamou, un pueblo remoto de Louisiana.
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HISPANICS’ POPULATION RISES, BUT THEIR HOME OWNERSHIP DOESN’T / KEVIN G. HALL / CHICAGO TRIBUNE
They make up the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, yet Hispanics are increasingly locked out of home ownership because of tighter lending standards that rely on outdated measures of creditworthiness. Comprising more than 17 percent of the population right now and projected to double, Hispanics are a political and economic force to be reckoned with. And they potentially represent an answer to turning around a sagging national home ownership rate that’s approaching levels not seen since before the fall of the Berlin Wall.
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STUDY ON HISPANIC PROFESSIONALS REVEALS LOW PRODUCTIVITY AND ENGAGEMENT IN THE WORKPLACE / FORBES
At a time when Hispanics are projected to represent 74% of labor force growth by 2020 according to Selig Center for Economic Growth – especially as Americans get older and retire – a new study by Center for Hispanic Leadership (CHL) Academy reveals some potentially devastating news for the future of U.S. business and the American economy. According to the five year study targeting U.S. Hispanics, the country’s fastest growing workforce and consumer group,
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CHICAGO LEGALIZARÁ A LOS VENDEDORES AMBULANTES LATINOS / LA RAZA
La ordenanza para legalizar la actividad de unos 1.500 vendedores ambulantes latinos de fruta fresca pelada, cortada y aderezada cuenta con los votos necesarios para su aprobación, dijo hoy a Efe el concejal Roberto Maldonado. Una ordenanza de 2014, que ha sido modificada para atender exigencias del código de salud pública y de comerciantes con negocios establecidos, será votada en la sesión mensual de septiembre del Concejo Municipal, explicó Maldonado.
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CARLOS CHÁVEZ, MEXICAN MODERNIST / WILLIAM ROBIN / THE NEW YORK TIMES
“European musicians are of the worst kind,” the composer Carlos Chávez declared in a 1931 letter. “Conductors, pianists, violinists, singers and so on are ‘prima donna’ minded people — they are very important to themselves. We must change the situation, Aaron.” In a reply to his close friend, the young Aaron Copland concurred: “All you wrote about music in America awoke a responsive echo in my heart. I am through with Europe, Carlos, and I believe as you do, that our salvation must come from ourselves and that we must fight the foreign element in American music.”
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MEDIOS EN CANADÁ / MEDIA IN CANADA
ÉTATS-UNIS, LE CANDIDAT JEB BUSH PROMET DES RÉGULARISATIONS DE CLANDESTINS / LE DEVOIR
Le candidat républicain à la Maison Blanche Jeb Bush, dont la femme est d’origine mexicaine, s’est engagé lundi dans une interview en espagnol à régulariser une partie des millions de sans-papiers vivant aux États-Unis s’il était élu. « Je fais cet engagement et je sais que nous pouvons le faire », a dit Jeb Bush dans un entretien à la chaîne américaine hispanophone Telemundo, dans un espagnol parfait, en évoquant une réforme dite « complète » du système d’immigration.
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NOTICIAS EN OTRAS REGIONES DEL MUNDO
FRANCE DEPLOYS RIOT POLICE AT CALAIS AS MIGRANTS TRY TO RUSH CHANNEL TUNNEL / MIRANDA ALEXANDER-WEBBER / THE GLOBE AND MAIL
Migrants massed around the entrance to the Channel Tunnel said on Thursday they would keep trying to sneak across to Britain, undaunted by the arrival of 120 extra riot police on the French side. A police officer said the number of migrants trying to enter Britain eased slightly overnight compared to earlier in the week, with about 800 migrants around the site and some 300 intercepted by police. That compared to an estimated 1,500 attempts by migrants to enter the tunnel on Tuesday night and 2,000 on Monday.
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Siguenos en:
@IME_SRE

Lazos es un servicio informativo del IME, se distribuye de lunes a viernes, y contiene información sobre notas periodísticas publicadas en México, EE.UU., y Canadá sobre la población de origen mexicano y latino en EE.UU. y Canadá.

Esta carpeta contiene notas publicadas en los principales periódicos nacionales y extranjeros, de las cuales son responsables únicamente sus autores.

Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior
Plaza Juárez #20, Col. Centro
Deleg. Cuauhtémoc C.P. 06010
México, D.F.
Contacto
Vicente Neria Sánchez
vneria

Número: 2957
Fecha: México, D. F. a 6 de agosto de 2015

To English speakers: below you will find information in English published by American and Canadian press.

<img width="58" height="300" src="cid:image053.jpg

Este es un mensaje el Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior. Si desea visitar alguno de las ligas contenidas en este correo, puede hacerlo con absoluta confianza presionando en "Vaya a este sitio web (no recomendado)."

MEDIOS NACIONALES / ESTATALES – MÉXICO / MEDIA IN MÉXICO
PARTICIPAN 30 NIÑOS MEXICANOS EN CAMPAMENTO "ROBOTIX TECH SUMMER" / LA JORNADA
Un grupo integrado por 30 niños mexicanos, ganadores del certamen de robótica RobotiX Faire, participan en el campamento de verano “RobotiX Tech Summer Camp”, organizado por la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores (SRE), a través de su Consulado General en San José, California, la Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes (SCT) y la empresa mexicana RobotiX. En un comunicado, la cancillería explicó que la iniciativa tiene como objetivo acercar a los niños participantes a empresas de alta tecnología e innovación, instituciones académicas,
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HAY BUENOS PERFILES PARA SELECCIÓN DE EMBAJADOR MEXICANO EN EU: MEADE / DOLORES ACOSTA / EL SOL DE MÉXICO
El titular de la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores (SRE), José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, destacó que se cuenta con perfiles "muy buenos" en el proceso de selección del embajador que representará al país en Estados Unidos. (…) Una relación, destacó, que hoy se beneficia de más de 50 consulados mexicanos en Estados Unidos y que se favorece de un diálogo fluido y cercano entre las diferentes estancias de gobierno.
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UNIVERSITARIOS MEXICANOS AYUDAN A RESTAURAR TUMBA EGIPCIA / EL UNIVERSAL
El maestro Manuel Villarruel y cuatro alumnos de la UVM Campus Querétaro participan en un equipo compuesto por expertos en la restauración de la Tumba Tebana número 39 (TT39), en Luxor, Egipto, que incluye salvamento epigráfico, fotografía, restauración, documentación, logística, arqueología y arquitectura. (…) “La UVM envió a cuatro estudiantes de licenciatura que están a punto de concluir, para realizar prácticas y apoyo a en las diversas tareas en la tumba;
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DISCRIMINA A HISPANOS LEY TEXANA QUE EXIGE ID A LOS VOTANTES / EL DIARIO DE JUÁREZ
La Ley para la Identificación de Electores de Texas (Texas Voter ID Law, en inglés), que se promulgó hace cuatro años, viola el Decreto sobre los Derechos al Voto, aunque no es un “impuesto al sufragio” prohibido por la Constitución de Estados Unidos, según decidió una corte federal de apelaciones. El caso se centró en si Texas, de manera intencional, discriminó a los hispanos y afroamericanos cuando aprobó la legislación —la Propuesta 14 del Senado— en el 2011.
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PAREDES LOGRA PLATA DE ALTURA / EL UNIVERSAL
El mexicano Jonathan Paredes consiguió la medalla de plata en el Campeonato Mundial de Natación, desde la plataforma de 27 metros —incrustada en el río Kazanka—, para sumar su segunda presea del orbe. Hace dos años, Paredes fue bronce en el debut de esta nueva disciplina en Barcelona 2013, y en la edición de Kazán, repitió podio, pero ahora con el segundo lugar de la rama varonil, al acumular 596.45 puntos después de cinco rondas.
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MEDIOS EN ESTADOS UNIDOS / MEDIA IN USA
CREAN NUEVA BECA PARA ESTUDIANTES LATINOS / JAVIER QUIROZ / LA RAZA
Una beca para estudiantes latinos que juegan futbol comenzará a entregarse el siguiente año gracias a la idea de un aficionado y entrenador. Roberto ‘Robbie’ Díaz Jr., entrenador de la escuela Curie High School, anunció la beca Contra Ataque Latino Scholarship para hombres y mujeres futbolistas. “La beca es para estudiantes (hombres y mujeres) de la secundaria Curie. Ojalá y en unos pocos años podamos expandirla al resto de Chicago Public Schools”, dijo Diaz, un jugador bastante conocido por ser parte de la porra en el Chicago Fire.
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FEDERAL COURT SAYS TEXAS VOTER ID VIOLATES VOTING RIGHTS ACT / LOS ANGELES TIMES
A federal appeals court ruled Wednesday that Texas’ voter ID law has a "discriminatory" effect on minorities in a victory for President Barack Obama, whose administration took the unusual step of bringing the weight of the U.S. Justice Department to fight a wave of new ballot-box restrictions passed in conservative statehouses. The 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the 2011 Texas law runs afoul of parts of the federal Voting Rights Act — handing down the decision on the eve of the 50th anniversary of the landmark civil rights law.
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TEXAS VOTER ID LAW DISCRIMINATES AGAINST MINORITIES, 5TH CIRCUIT PANEL RULES / THE DALLAS MORNING NEWS
The ruling was a victory, albeit not a sweeping one, for President Barack Obama and minority rights groups. A three-judge panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans ruled that the Texas law, passed in 2011, violates part of the federal Voting Rights Act. The appellate panel, however, did not accept last year’s ruling by a federal judge in Texas that the voter ID law is tantamount to an illegal poll tax. Nor did the appellate judges agree with the trial court that the law was passed with the intent to discriminate against minority voters.
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EL RACISMO, UN “PROBLEMA MAYOR” PARA LOS LATINOS EN EEUU / LA RAZA
Después de un año de videos mostrando a afroamericanos morir por golpizas, asfixias o balazos a manos de agentes de policía blancos, más estadounidenses ven el racismo como un “problema mayor” en el país, un sentimiento que comparte más de la mitad de los hispanos (58%). De acuerdo a una encuesta nacional dada a conocer este miércoles por el Centro de Investigación Pew, la percepción de racismo como un gran problema es particularmente alto entre los afroamericanos (73%) y entre los hispanos (58%).
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IMMIGRANT ADVOCATES ALARMED AFTER RAID OF TORTILLA FACTORY / SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS NEWS
A day after federal agents raided a tortilla factory in the Heights, briefly detaining 10 people, immigrant advocates urged residents to report any immigration enforcement activity to a hotline so they can alert the community and send legal assistance. "According to Obama, these people should not be a priority," said Marta Ojeda, executive director of the Fe Y Justicia Worker Center, a non-profit representing low-wage workers, referring to the president’s announcement last year in which he promised to focus on deporting criminals, not families.
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GUÍA PARA LOS LATINOS SOBRE EL PRIMER DEBATE PRESIDENCIAL REPUBLICANO / PILAR MARRERO / LA OPINIÓN
Pocos esperan que los precandidatos republicanos a la presidencia de Estados Unidos tengan en mente una audiencia latina durante el primer debate oficial de las elecciones internas de su partido, pero es posible que muchos votantes latinos sí estén interesados en lo que ellos tienen que decir. Aquí les presentamos una guía de lo que puede resultar más interesante para los latinos este jueves 6 de Agosto cuando se sienten con su “pop-corn” y bebida preferida a ver el debate, que es además co-patrocinado por Facebook.
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DONALD TRUMP’S MASS DEPORTATION WOULDN’T BE CHEAP / CHICAGO TRIBUNE
Leave it to Donald Trump. In an interview last week with CNN, the Republican presidential candidate made explicit what even the staunchest anti-immigrant leaders of his party have avoided saying out loud: Let the mass deportation begin. Trump said he would deport all undocumented immigrants and then let the "good ones" back into the United States under unspecified conditions. He didn’t explain how he would round up an estimated 11 million people and get them out of the country.
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TRUMP INSISTE: MÉXICO PAGARÁ EL MURO FRONTERIZO PORQUE YO LO DIGO / LA RAZA
Donald Trump, quien de acuerdo con distintas encuestas se coloca como el precandidato republicano mejor ubicado por encima del exgobernador de Florida, Jeb Bush, y el de Wisconsin, Scott Walker, insistió el día de ayer en declaraciones a Fox News que si llega a ser elegido Presidente de los Estados Unidos hará que México pague por el muro fronterizo, sólo porque él así lo dice. Voy a decir: ‘México adivina qué, esto no va a continuar así, vas a pagar por ese muro’,
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HEAVILY HISPANIC FLORIDA CITY REJECTS ANTI-TRUMP RESOLUTION / SERGIO BUSTOS AND MARISOL MEDINA / CHICAGO TRIBUNE
A resolution to condemn Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump’s remarks about Mexican immigrants failed Wednesday night to win approval of the city council in Doral, a city dominated by Hispanic immigrants and home to one of the billionaire businessman’s biggest resorts. In a 3-2 vote, the councilmembers — all of whom are Hispanic — rejected the resolution proposed by city councilwoman and vice mayor Sandra Ruiz, a Mexican immigrant.
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IMMIGRANT EMBRACES NATURAL BEAUTY, NEIGHBORLY AMBIENCE OF LINCOLN PARK / CHICAGO TRIBUNE / CHICAGO TRIBUNE
Residents of Chicago’s Lincoln Park neighborhood don’t have to look far for something fun to do. The upper-middle-class community that made a name for itself as a cultural hub offers a smorgasbord of attractions, including shops, restaurants, Lincoln Park Zoo and Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum, to name a few. The options seem endless, which is why Maja Petrovic is happy to call the neighborhood home. "You can walk pretty much anywhere," she said.
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MEDIOS EN CANADÁ / MEDIA IN CANADA
PLUS DE 2000 DÉCÈS EN MÉDITERRANÉE CETTE ANNÉE / LE DEVOIR
Le cap des 2000 migrants et réfugiés morts cette année en mer Méditerranée en tentant de gagner l’Europe par la mer a été franchi ce week-end, un bilan humain tragique supérieur à celui de la même période de l’année 2014. «Malheureusement nous avons atteint ce week-end un nouveau niveau avec plus de 2000 migrants et réfugiés morts» en 2015 en tentant de joindre l’Europe via la Méditerranée, a indiqué mardi à Genève Itayi Virri, porte-parole de l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM).
Texte intégral
NOTICIAS EN OTRAS REGIONES DEL MUNDO
TIBETANS LOSE A HAVEN IN NEPAL UNDER CHINESE PRESSURE / BARBARA DEMICK / CHICAGO TRIBUNE
Tsomo escaped Tibet last year on a zipline that carried her into Nepal over a chasm of jagged rocks and a river gushing white as frothing milk. The 23-year-old student remembers she was numb with terror as the smugglers fastened a thick rope through her legs and across her chest in a harness. It was the dead of night, but still she could hear the river roaring below her.
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VUELCA EMBARCACIÓN CON CIENTOS DE MIGRANTES EN EL MEDITERRÁNEO / LA JORNADA
Una embarcación en la que viajaban unos 700 inmigrantes africanos volcó este miércoles en el Mediterráneo, lanzando a todos sus pasajeros al mar, y se teme que muchos se ahogaron, dijeron funcionarios y agencias humanitarias. El grupo Médicos sin Fronteras, que tenía un barco en el área, dijo en un tuit que se estimaba que en la embarcación viajaban unas 700 personas.
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LLEGAN A ITALIA SUPERVIVIENTES DEL NAUFRAGIO EN EL MEDITERRÁNEO / LA JORNADA
Los supervivientes de uno de los peores naufragios ocurridos en el Mediterráneo llegaron este jueves a bordo de un buque militar a Palermo, en el sur de Italia, según periodistas de la Afp. El navío militar irlandés "Niamh" con 367 supervivientes y 25 cuerpos, de entre más de 200 víctimas, atracó en el puerto siciliano, donde fue recibido por personal militar y sanitario.
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Siguenos en:
@IME_SRE

Lazos es un servicio informativo del IME, se distribuye de lunes a viernes, y contiene información sobre notas periodísticas publicadas en México, EE.UU., y Canadá sobre la población de origen mexicano y latino en EE.UU. y Canadá.

Esta carpeta contiene notas publicadas en los principales periódicos nacionales y extranjeros, de las cuales son responsables únicamente sus autores.

Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior
Plaza Juárez #20, Col. Centro
Deleg. Cuauhtémoc C.P. 06010
México, D.F.
Contacto
Vicente Neria Sánchez
vneria

En archivo adjunto se remiten las noticias correspondientes a la segunda quincena de julio.

El Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres (Inmujeres) realiza un seguimiento y una sistematización diaria de las noticias en materia de migración. Quincenalmente se enviará un documento con las principales noticias a instituciones tanto públicas como privadas y a personas, que desde sus diferentes ámbitos, se preocupan y ocupan del tema.

Se les invita a consultar el Directorio de programas institucionales dirigidos a la población migrante 2015, compilado por el Inmujeres: http://cedoc.inmujeres.gob.mx/documentos_download/101251.pdf

Boletín que emitieron activistas sociales de Veracruz ante la inseguridad y violencia en el estado.

Ver archivo adjunto

XXII JORNADAS DE ESTUDIOS MIGRATORIOS

Los desafíos para la Historia y las Ciencias Sociales

Iquique, 15 de Octubre de 2015

Ver archivo adjunto; perdón por la fecha, pero a mí me llegó hoy

De BRASIL:

, 01/08/2015, 06:00

Estrangeiros se queixam dos custos para mudança ao Brasil

Há cobrança para tirar os documentos oficiais e burocracia do processo para se legalizar. Em julho, as taxas da documentação inicial aumentaram quase 70% e, para conseguir se regularizar, é preciso gastar de R$ 500 até R$ 2 mil.

· Estrangeiros se queixam dos custos para mudança ao Brasil

DURAÇÃO: 3:37

Por Júlia Arraes e Juliana Causin

Com o aumento das taxas para a solicitação do documento oficial, chamado Registro Nacional de Estrangeiros, o preço mínimo para se tornar regular no país é de R$ 311, isso para moradores do Mercosul e para haitianos. Em alguns casos, as tarifas chegam a R$ 502 por pessoa. Sem contar com de xerox, autenticações, certidões e muitas, muitas idas a cartórios e sedes da Polícia Federal.

Quando chegou ao Brasil, a polonesa Patrycja Drewniak não imaginava que precisaria gastar tanto dinheiro para se tornar legal no país. Ela e o marido preferiram contratar um advogado para agilizar os processos de união estável e do visto. Ao todo, eles gastaram mais de R$ 6 mil.

‘Nós decidimos contratar um advogado para ser mais rápido. E eu acho que sem um advogado ou sem o apoio de alguém que conheça as leis, seria impossível. Uma vez nós fomos, já com o advogado, para a Polícia Federal achando que tínhamos todos os documentos e eles acharam alguma coisinha que não tínhamos. Eles têm uma lista, que eles não divulgam em lugar nenhum e só quando chegamos lá eles checam tudo, um por um’, afirma.

As queixas são as mesmas do americano Jared Darie. Ele não chegou a pagar tanto quanto Patrícia, gastou cerca de R$ 1 mil, mas a falta de acesso à informação tornou o processo lento e penoso: ‘Não tem um lugar sendo aviso que tenha essa informação, não tem um site com uma lista. Trouxe todos os meus documentos para cá achando que ia precisar e depois tive que reenviar tudo para ser autenticado no consulado brasileiro dos Estados Unidos. Pelo menos eu sou privilegiado e pude bancar isso.’

Para quem vem com pouca estrutura, a situação é ainda mais difícil. A peruana Genni Chanta Bravo chegou no Brasil há dois meses, acompanhada de cinco filhos e três netos. Ela trabalha de babá alguns dias da semana e, com o que ganha, mal consegue pagar o aluguel de R$ 250, para morar com toda a família em um apartamento de 50 metros quadrados.

Com a ajuda da Missão Paz, que acolhe e encaminha estrangeiros em São Paulo, ela conseguiu dinheiro para tirar o RNE e, finalmente, fazer uma carteira de trabalho. ‘Estamos tirando um por um, porque as taxas são muito caras e não temos dinheiro para trabalhar. E sem papéis não posso trabalhar, nem as minhas filhas. Mas graças a Deus estou conseguindo tirar o meu e de um por um nós vamos conseguir’, diz.

Damian Cruz trabalha como voluntário na Missão Paz, auxiliando os imigrantes com a documentação. Ele conta que muitos tomam um susto quando veem os valores, principalmente os que já estão regularizados e querem emitir os papéis dos parentes recém-chegados.

‘O esposo que trouxe a carta convite, que chega com a mulher e os dois filhos toma um susto. Ele lembra quanto pagou e fala ‘nossa, não paguei isso’. Eles tomam um susto e voltam pra casa para pensar como vão arranjar o dinheiro extra. Antes a gente podia pagar uma taxa, mas com o aumento, acho que nem a metade de uma’, afirma.

Os estrangeiros que não tinham condições de pagar as taxas conseguiam a isenção da tarifa, por meio de uma liminar da Defensoria Pública da União. No entanto, o Tribunal Regional Federal revogou a decisão no fim do ano passado.

Segundo o defensor público Daniel Chiaretti, o órgão tem recebido de dez a 20 pedidos de isenção por dia que acabam se transformando em processos individuais. ‘Não era necessário provocar o Judiciário a cada vez. Mas agora sem a liminar, cada estrangeiro que precisa da gratuidade procura a gente e nós entramos com uma ação. Cada pessoa vira um processo no poder Judiciário. Estamos recebendo de dez a 20 pessoas por dia fazendo esse pedido de isenção das taxas’, relata.

A Defensoria Pública da União está apurando as causas do aumento nas taxas para decidir se ele tem caráter. Segundo o Ministério da Justiça, o reajuste da taxa foi feito de acordo com o Índice Nacional de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo, o IPCA. Os valores não eram atualizados há nove anos.

O Brasil concede, em média, 30 mil vistos permanentes por ano para estrangeiros. De 2010 até hoje, o número de pedidos dobrou. Apesar de ser um país atraente, o país ocupa a 49ª posição entre as 60 nações do ranking do IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook, sobre legislação favorável à imigração.

sábado, 1 de agosto de 2015

Ingresso no Brasil exigirá de estrangeiros plano de saúde

O turista estrangeiro, semelhantemente como já fazem vários países do mundo, terão que contratar obrigatoriamente um seguro de viagem, com cobertura de assistência médica, entre outras, para ingressar no Brasil. Proposição nesse sentido foi aprovada recentemente na Comissão de Relações Exteriores da Câmara dos Deputados, na versão de substitutivo da deputada Jandira Feghali (PCdoB-RJ) ao Projeto de Lei 5.542, de 2013, do deputado Mandetta (DEM-MS). O PL, que tramita em caráter conclusivo, será ainda analisado pelas comissões de Turismo e de Constituição e Justiça.

Estarão sujeitos à norma os estrangeiros com visto de turista, temporário e de trânsito. Além de despesas médicas e odontológicas, o seguro terá de cobrir traslado de corpo e regresso sanitário. Uma vez atendido em unidades do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), o estrangeiro, via seguro, terá que ressarcir o governo. Os valores das coberturas e demais regras serão definidos em regulamento.

Segundo a Agência Câmara, Jandira Feghali optou por decidiu incluir a determinação do seguro-viagem no Estatuto do Estrangeiro (Lei 6.815/80), de modo que a exigência dependa de acordos bilaterais.

Há países, segundo ela, que não exigem o seguro-saúde de brasileiros que ingressam em seus territórios por períodos curtos, assim, a medida cabível é aplicar o princípio da reciprocidade e isentar os nacionais desses países do cumprimento de tal exigência. Ficam livres ainda da exigência do seguro viagem os estrangeiros que tenham vistos permanente, de cortesia, oficial e diplomático.

Referência: Jornal do Commercio


Brasil aumenta emissão de vistos e deve continuar a receber os haitianos

Anderson Vieira | 03/08/2015, 15h32 – ATUALIZADO EM 04/08/2015, 09h18

Evitar que os haitianos caiam nas mãos de traficantes e coiotes é uma das maiores preocupações do Ministério das Relações Exteriores. Por isso, o Brasil iniciou um processo para acelerar a emissão de vistos na Embaixada brasileira em Porto Príncipe. A situação dos imigrantes foi tratada em audiência pública da Comissão de Direitos Humanos e Legislação Participativa (CDH) nesta segunda-feira (3).

Segundo o embaixador Carlos Alberto Simas Magalhães, subsecretário-geral das Comunidades Brasileiras no Exterior, a emissão de visto permanente de caráter humanitário em Porto Príncipe saltou de 600 para 1.800 por mês desde o início de junho.

— É preciso que a população se convença de que a rota legal é a melhor alternativa. Desde 8 de junho, são 470 vistos por semana. É preferível esperar um ou dois meses e conseguir visto no consulado brasileiro do que cair nas mãos de coiotes — alertou o embaixador.

O representante do Itamaraty garantiu ainda que o Brasil não vai mudar sua política de acolhimento aos imigrantes e disse que o fluxo migratório não deve assustar o país.

— O Itamaraty continuará prestando essa assistência, continuará concedendo os vistos enquanto prevalecer a atual política de caráter humanitário, que não tem perspectiva de terminar, a curto prazo — assegurou o embaixador, para quem existem hoje no Brasil entre 60 mil a 70 mil haitianos, mais do que os 50 mil oficialmente estimados.

Violações

Embora tenham reconhecido o acolhimento humanitário do Brasil a seus conterrâneos, os haitianos Alix Georges e Fedo Bacourt reivindicaram melhores condições nos abrigos, mais atenção dos governos estaduais e das prefeituras, além de denunciarem o desrespeito de muitas empresas à legislação trabalhista.

Eles reclamaram também de violações de direitos humanos da força militar internacional presente no Haiti e defenderam a retirada dos militares do país.

— Não precisamos de 9 mil estrangeiros. O Haiti não é um país violento e não tem guerra civil que mereça a presença de militares — reclamou Alix Georges.

O coordenador-geral do CSP-Conlutas, José Maria de Almeida, disse que é crescente o número de casos de haitianos sendo submetidos a condições de escravidão em empresas brasileiras.

— Temos muitos picaretas que, na tentativa de aumentarem seus lucros, se aproveitam da vulnerabilidade dos estrangeiros e os obriga a trabalhar em condições inaceitáveis para um trabalhador brasileiro — lamentou.

José Maria de Almeida sugeriu que o dinheiro gasto pelo governo brasileiro para manter militares no Haiti seja empregado, por exemplo, na melhoria dos abrigos.

— Um país das dimensões do Brasil não pode assegurar um abrigo minimamente decente em São Paulo? Não temos dinheiro para isso nesse país? — indagou.

Reconhecimento

O senador Jorge Viana (PT-AC) disse que, apesar de todas as dificuldades, o governo do Acre tem feito um “trabalho extraordinário” com os haitianos que chegam ao estado, oferecendo alojamento, atendimento médico, comida e assistência social. Apesar disso, segundo ele, o feito não é reconhecido pela imprensa.

— Acho um desrespeito, pois a imprensa noticia apenas como se o Acre estivesse importando imigrantes e os distribuindo para Sul e Sudeste para incomodar prefeitos e governadores. Na verdade, o trabalho humanitário feito pelo governo é extraordinário — afirmou.

O parlamentar disse ainda que só quem conhece ou esteve no Acre tem a dimensão da dificuldade que é receber tanta gente necessitada de ajuda num curto espaço de tempo:

— Estamos lidando com um problema que é de todos. Que estado está preparado para receber 40 mil imigrantes em três anos? O Acre recebeu e não houve nenhum elogio, pelo contrário, só críticas — lamentou.

Conforme o secretário de Justiça e Direitos Humanos do Acre, Nilson Mourão, se não tiver problema com a documentação, cada hatiano fica no Acre, em média, por 15 dias.

Segundo ele, o número de haitianos que chegam de forma irregular está diminuindo, mas o governo ainda tem desafios, como assegurar dinheiro para melhorar a estrutura física do abrigo e melhorar a inserção social do imigrante e até a comunicação, visto que não há sequer um profissional para fazer a tradução.

O abrigo pode atender 150 pessoas, hoje são 300, mas já chegou a ter mais de 1.100 imigrantes.

A audiência desta segunda-feira da CDH foi presidida pelo senador Paulo Paim (PT-RS). Também participaram o secretário Nacional de Justiça, Beto Vasconcelos; o secretário nacional de Promoção e Defesa dos Direitos Humanos da Presidência da República, Paulo Roberto Martins Maldos; o coordenador do Conselho Nacional de Imigração do Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego, Luiz Alberto Matos dos Santos; e a irmã Rosita Milesi, da Arquidiocese de Campinas e diretora do Instituto Migrações e Direitos Humanos.

Agência Senado (Reprodução autorizada mediante citação da Agência Senado)

Haitianos e senegaleses chegam em Florianópolis em busca de emprego

25 de maio de 201511


O semblante da maioria é de alívio. O primeiro a acordar foi o senegalês Gora Niang, 26 anos, na primeira noite em Florianópolis do grupo de 43 haitianos e senegaleses no ginásio Capoeirão, em Florianópolis. Eles chegaram do Acre depois de uma longa e cansativa viagem. Alto, magro, simpático e tranquilo acordou por volta das 6h35min.

Com 24 anos e sem falar português, trabalhava como motorista no Senegal. Pretende trabalhar em Passo Fundo, no Rio Grande do Sul, onde tem conhecidos. Conversou Chery Clarens, 23 e com Barnabas Jonas Jonathas. Os dois fazem parte da Associação Kay Pa Nou(significa “Nossa morada” em idioma crioulo). A entidade, com sede no Instituto Arco-Íris, presta serviços voluntários para os haitianos em Florianópolis com apoio do Departamento de Direitos Humanos do Tribunal de Justiça de Santa Catarina.

Os dois aguardavam na entrada do ginásio o pessoal acordar. _Viemos para ajudar e passar algumas orientações_ disse Chery fundador da associação. Ele está com 23 anos e há dois no Brasil. Em Florianópolis fez estágio na Assembleia Legislativa até novembro e pretende cursar a faculdade de Direito.

Barnabas está com 26 e trabalha como assistente de programação de uma empresa de software para engenharia civil.
_Eles pediram para entrar em contato com os conhecidos aqui de Florianópolis. Estes estão mais seguros_ disse enquanto se apressava para não chegar atrasado no seu emprego.

Niam Boubacar, 34 anos, fala francês e saiu do Senegal em 5 de maio. Passou por Madrid na Espanha e desembarcou no Brasil no Acre no dia 17.
Trabalhava num porto no Senegal e deixou um filho de quatro anos, esposa e família. Seu destino é Passo Fundo, no Rio Grande do Sul, onde tem conhecidos.

_Quero trabalhar e mandar dinheiro para minha família.
Receberam um kit de higiene e um café da manhã.

Thierno Syll, 19 anos, gosta de futebol e principalmente do Neymar. Veio em busca de emprego e deseja trabalhar o mais rápido possível para ajudar sua família que ficou no Senegal.

O haitiano Fenelus Celius, 40 anos, veio em busca de uma vida melhor para para sua família. Sua esposa e os quatro filhos ficaram no Haiti. Para ele não importa o trabalho e sim encontrar uma renda oficial e poder tirar sua família da completa miséria.

— Onde moramos não temos comida e nem água. É uma situação muito difícil e espero que em breve eles possam estar aqui comigo— lamenta.

O primeiro ônibus chegou por volta da 0h50min com 18 haitianos. Três mulheres foram levadas para a Casa da Mulher na Agronômica. Por volta da 1h20min chegou o segundo com 25 senegaleses.

Depois dos exames médicos, os imigrantes foram todos vacinados. Dois deles foram encaminhados para o Hospital Celso Ramos para uma melhor avaliação.

Foi feito um levantamento e constatado que a maioria vai para Caxias do Sul, Passo Fundo e Porto Alegre no Rio Grande do Sul. Um deles vai para Criciúma. Todos irão onde possuem conhecidos. Quem não tem recurso próprio a Secretaria Municipal de Assistência Social vai estudar a liberação de benefício para o custeio da viagem.

Uma mulher citou Blumenau, a outra Erechim e a última Jaraguá do Sul. Os outros 15 haitianos pretendem ficar em Florianópolis. Será feito dois procedimentos. Vacinação e cadastramento do Igeof (Instituto de Geração de Oportunidades de Florianópolis) junto com o Sine.

25/05/2015 | 18h49Atualizada em 25/05/2015 | 19h08

Cesar Junior critica governo federal sobre vinda de haitianos: "Amadorística e atabalhoada"

Prefeito de Florianópolis critica governos federal e do Acre por falta de informações sobre chegada dos imigrantes

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Com no máximo uma mala pequena de bagagem, os haitianos foram os primeiros a desembarcarFoto: Betina Humeres / Agencia RBS

Upiara Boschi

upiara.boschi

O prefeito Cesar Souza Junior (PSD) vai formalizar um protesto junto ao Ministério da Justiça e o governo do Acre pela forma como foram encaminhados a Florianópolis os 43 imigrantes senegaleses e haitianos que chegaram à capital catarinense por volta da 1h desta segunda-feira. De acordo com o prefeito, a operação foi feita de forma "amadorística e atabalhoada" e a falta de informações sobre a vinda dos imigrantes dificultou os preparativos para recebê-los.

Leia a íntegra da entrevista exclusiva concedida ao Diário Catarinense.

Como a prefeitura recebeu a informação sobre a chegada dessas pessoas e como se preparou?
Para a prefeitura não veio nenhuma comunicação do governo do Acre ou do governo federal. Houve apenas uma comunicação no final da tarde de sexta-feira para a Secretaria de Estado (da Assistência Social). Mas sempre com dificuldades para dar retorno, confirmar informações. Primeiro eram 48, depois eram 100. A gente procurou fazer de maneira bastante rápida a estrutura no Capoeirão, ainda que provisória. Inicialmente aguardávamos no sábado e acabaram chegando no final da noite de domingo. Causou espécie que não foi feito o básico lá. As pessoas não foram vacinadas, as pessoas não tiveram nenhum tipo de cuidado epidemiológico, embora venham de regiões em que temos problemas. Separando muito bem as coisas, uma coisa são as pessoas, que quando aqui estão são problema nosso. Mas também estamos formalizando um protesto ao Ministério da Justiça e ao próprio governo do Acre pela maneira amadorística e atabalhoada como o processo foi conduzido.

Existem informações sobre a vinda de mais haitianos e senegaleses?
Tem um boato falando de mais 350. Como o outro boato se confirmou, estou levando muito a sério esse. Estamos contatando os órgãos para falar que não temos condições de absorver um volume tão grande de pessoas em um curto espaço de tempo. Nós não vamos admitir que simplesmente enfiem as pessoas em um ônibus e mandem tocar para cá sem nenhum prévio aviso, sem nos dar tempo para preparar as coisas adequadamente. Literalmente, transferindo responsabilidade sem nenhuma contrapartida.
Florianópolis tem condições de absorver essas pessoas?
Do ponto de vista de emprego, a gente tem oportunidades. Mas dessa maneira, 350 pessoas do dia para a noite, acho complicado. Primeiro, a infraestrutura de recebimento. Essas pessoas têm que ser cadastradas, passar por exames médicos, receber vacinas, ter a documentação regularizada. Nós não temos estrutura para receber um volume tão grande assim. Essa vez nós fomos surpreendidos, tivemos que agir, mas estou comunicando que não temos condição de transformar isso numa rota. A prefeitura não tem dinheiro para isso e temos problemas sérios aqui, embora lá fora achem que não.

O Estado tem sido parceiro nessa questão?
Plenamente parceiro. Desde o primeiro momento tivemos contato, já na sexta-feira, com a secretária Angela Albino (Assistência Social). Durante o final de semana falamos várias vezes, estamos trabalhando de forma integrada. Até porque parte dos servidores da Assistência Social (do município) estão paralisados, então, o Estado nos ajudou muito, e a parceria tem sido muito positiva.

Florianópolis tem convivido há alguns anos com a presença dos haitianos trabalhando na cidade. A prefeitura tem um cadastro sobre eles, sabe como estão?
Nós temos em torno de 450 haitianos. É o que temos cadastrado. Temos experiências muito positivas com os haitianos. Inclusive estamos fazendo um curso de português para aqueles que já estavam aqui, para favorecer a inserção no mercado de trabalho. Temos haitianos trabalhando em obras públicas, contratados por empreiteiras. Empresas como McDonalds, Burguer King, Bobs tem tido experiências muito positivas. Nada contra quem quiser vir a Florianópolis trabalhar honestamente, pagar seus impostos e contribuir para a cidade. Tudo contra a maneira amadorística como o governo federal conduziu esse processo.

Como será esse protesto que a prefeitura vai formalizar junto ao governo federal?
Nós vamos formalizar o protesto pela maneira como aconteceu, será encaminhado diretamente ao ministro (da Justiça). Falei com o governador (Raimundo Colombo) e ele me disse que também vai fazer um contato com o ministro e com o governo do Acre. A grande maioria dessas pessoas não ficam em Florianópolis, vão para outros lugares do Estado. Não quer dizer que nós nos neguemos a receber os imigrantes. Pelo contrário, em poucos lugares do Brasil eles tiveram a qualidade do atendimento que demos aqui. Mas nós queremos que as coisas sejam discutidas, informadas previamente, que a gente tenha tempo para se preparar. E que seja um número absorvível pelo mercado de trabalho da cidade, para que essas pessoas possam vir e ser produtivas e não gerar mais problemas sociais. Tem muita vaga de trabalho aberta, sobretudo nessa área de restaurantes e construção civil. Mas também às vezes há problemas de adaptação, é natural, são pessoas de outros países, outras culturas. Não é um processo tão simples, colocar num ônibus e despejar. Precisamos ser ouvidos pelo ministério antes que esse tipo de coisa aconteça.

Os haitianos e senegaleses são bem-vindos a Florianópolis?
Todos aqueles que queiram contribuir com a cidade e trabalhar são bem-vindos, inclusive os haitianos e os senegaleses. Mas tem que ser feito isso num número e numa velocidade que a economia da cidade consiga absorver. As pessoas têm que vir para cá para serem produtivas, como diversas já estão sendo. Esses dias eu fui numa obra do Maciço do Morro da Cruz, fui cumprimentar os trabalhadores e percebi que nenhum deles me conhecia. Eram 12 haitianos que estavam lá trabalhando, e o encarregado disse que eram excelentes. Estão construindo uma estrada que vai melhorar a vida da população de lá. Quanto a isso, são bem-vindos. Mas não da maneira como vieram dessa vez, que inclusive os expôs a uma situação bastante desagradável.

26/05/2015 | 06h41

No Oeste de SC, indústrias foram atrás dos imigrantes haitianos

Atualmente são entre 2 mil e 2,5 mil haitianos na região, segundo dados da Associação dos Haitianos de Chapecó

No Oeste catarinense a chegada dos primeiros haitianos, em 2011, se configurou de forma diferente do habitual. A empresa de piscinas e caixas de água Fibratec é que foibuscá-los no Acre para atender a falta de mão-de-obra na região. Depois asagroindústrias foram buscar trabalhadores, pelo mesmo motivo. Atualmente são entre 2 mil e 2,5 mil haitianos na região, segundo dados da Associação dos Haitianos de Chapecó.

O presidente da associação, Jean Innocent Monfiston, estima que entre 1,8 mil e 1,9 mil trabalhem nos frigoríficos de Chapecó, Xaxim e Nova Erechim. Somente a Aurora Alimentos conta com 800 haitianos. O vice-presidente da empresa, Neivor Canton, disse que no início a agroindústria bancou a viagem do Acre até Chapecó e até alojamentos por mais de um ano até que os imigrantes pudessem se estabelecer. Só que o tempo de vagas sobrando na indústria já passou.

Segundo Monfiston, cerca de 70 haitianos que chegaram recentemente na cidade ainda não conseguiram emprego. Isso porque não há a vagas nas agroindústrias no momento.
Falta apoio do poder público

Uma das poucas ações públicas para os haitianos foi o PróHaiti, programa da Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul que oferece vagas para os imigrantes. Atualmente são 30 estudantes haitianos no campus de Chapecó. Michelet Myrbel, 31 anos, está no terceiro ano do curso de Administração. Ele estuda pela manhã e, à tarde e noite, trabalha na Aurora, onde está há um ano e sete meses.

Myrbel está no Brasil há três anos e meio e morou um tempo em Manaus. Atualmente trabalha no setor de temperos da Aurora, onde tem plano de saúde e outros benefícios como prêmio assiduidade e dentista. Já comprou uma motocicleta para facilitar o transporte. Só reclama que é puxado trabalhar e estudar. Também lamentou que às vezes fica entre os últimos para ser escolhido nos grupos de sala de aula.

Ele sente saudades dos familiares nas festas de final de ano e datas como o Dia da Bandeira do Haiti. Mas gosta de jogar futebol nos finais de semana, quando os haitianos enfrentam os senegaleses.

O presidente da Associação dos Haitianos de Chapecó, Jean Monfiston, disse que a Associação foi criada para suprir a falta de opções de lazer e atividades culturais para os haitianos nos finais de semana. Desde então foi criada uma banda, um grupo de dança e trabalhos de pintura.

Ministério do Trabalho descobre esquema no Galeão que escraviza chineses recém-chegados ao Brasil

Estadão Conteúdo

Publicado: 03/08/2015 10:21 BRT Atualizado: 03/08/2015 10:24 BRT

O Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego (MTE) afirma ter descoberto um esquema de corrupção no controle imigratório do Aeroporto Internacional Tom Jobim, o Galeão, na zona norte do Rio. Segundo o MTE, agentes cobram propinas de donos de pastelarias e atravessadores responsáveis por trazer chineses para trabalhar em regimes exaustivos, de escravidão por dívida, em lanchonetes na região metropolitana do Rio.

O documento, obtido pelo jornal "O Estado de S. Paulo", foi encaminhado no dia 28 para o Ministério Público Federal e a Divisão de Fiscalização para Erradicação do Trabalho Escravo (Detrae). O texto detalha o funcionamento do esquema, delatado por uma pessoa que trabalhava com os empresários chineses suspeitos de "importar" jovens da Província de Guangdong, no sul da China, uma das mais pobres do país.

Para cada chinês liberado para entrar no Brasil seriam cobrados R$ 42 mil de propina. Pelo acerto, o imigrante trabalharia de dois a três anos de graça para pagar as despesas de viagem e, segundo suspeitas do MTE, para quitar também o valor entregue pelos patrões aos agentes.

O pagamento da propina, em dinheiro, seria feito no aeroporto, fora da área de controle imigratório. Um truque usado para encobrir o esquema é sumir com os passaportes dos chineses ou arrancar a página em que estaria o carimbo da Polícia Federal, identificando a data da entrada no País – o que permitiria identificar os funcionários da PF de plantão naquele dia.

Em um dos casos revelados pelo delator, o atraso de 20 minutos no pagamento da propina fez com que chineses que entrariam no País fossem deportados para a China.

De acordo com a Polícia Federal, policiais e funcionários administrativos terceirizados, contratados pela empresa Milênio, atuam na imigração. Os últimos, no entanto, não têm autonomia de ação e estão sob supervisão dos agentes da PF.

Em nota, a corporação afirma que "todas as notícias de possíveis ilícitos administrativos ou penais que venham a mencionar servidores são apuradas pelos setores de controle interno" e destaca atuar na coerção à prática de trabalho escravo. A Milênio optou por não se pronunciar.

Indícios

Em setembro do ano passado, um chinês resgatado ao fugir de uma pastelaria em Mangaratiba, na Costa Verde, já havia dito aos auditores que sua entrada fora acordada com agentes da imigração.

De acordo com o documento do Ministério Público Federal, um funcionário que trabalhava no aeroporto foi recepcionar a vítima. O documento diz:

"A referida pessoa, que tinha acesso à área privativa dos funcionários do aeroporto, recebeu a documentação e, superando as restrições de imigração, promoveu sua entrada em território nacional, omitindo-se que o ingresso se dava para o fim de trabalho."

A investigação também apontou que agências na China oferecem oportunidades de trabalho no Brasil, anunciando o serviço em placas em Guangdong.

O MTE tem realizado operações para flagrar chineses em situação irregular no Brasil, cumprindo jornadas exaustivas em lanchonetes e sendo submetidos a condições precárias de moradia e trabalho. Após acordos extrajudiciais, em que obtêm reparação financeira, os chineses têm continuado a trabalhar nos mesmos locais.

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